Ulcerative colitis is a long-term condition that results in nausea and inflammation of the colon and rectum. The cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. Some notions involve immune system dysfunction, genetics affects in the ordinary gut bacteria, and environmental elements. Rates are normally greater in the developed world with some proposing that this be the consequence of less vulnerability to autoimmune diseases. And it might also be the consequence of an improper diet. Ulcerative colitis happens in the lining of the rectum and colon. Ulcers form where inflammation has killed the cells that usually line the colon.
When the initial diagnosis was made, the immediate goal of therapy is to reduce the debilitating physical symptoms that correlated with that. As there’s absolutely no cure for ulcerative colitis, the long-term goal of treatment is to stop the future onset of disease. Quite infrequently, ulcerative colitis is treated surgically. Though surgery is the only real cure for the illness, it’s inherently insecure. And therefore often reserved for cases in which prolonged inflammation of the colon has led to the life-threatening complications.
Variability of symptoms reveals differences in the extent of disease and the intensity of inflammation Generally, patients with inflammation confined to the rectum and short part of the colon adjacent to the rectum have milder symptoms For some, the condition is a minor inconvenience, while for some it may be a deadly situation, It also includes weight loss, bleeding from intestine and fever, ulcerative what is ulcerative colitis probably entails abnormal activation of the immune system in the intestines.
Remissions usually occur due to treatment with drugs or surgery. But occasionally they occur spontaneously, that is, without any treatment. Since ulcerative colitis can’t be cured by medication, the goals of treatment with drugs are; induce remissions, maintain remissions. And also minimize side effects of treatment, improve the quality of life, minimize the probability of cancer. Treatment of ulcerative colitis with medications is comparable, though not always identical, to the treatment of Crohn’s disease.